Literary analysis of The Great Gatsby is about getting an insight of this one of the most spectacular novels from the 20s. This novel by F. Scott. Fitzgerald did not get specific importance as it received after many years of its publication.
F. Scott. Fitzgerald was born in 1896 and died in 1940. He was a short story writer, essayist, novelist, and screenwriter. Scott was a dropout from Princeton University. His notable works are The Great Gatsby, Tender is the Night, Six tales of the Jazz Age, and The side of paradise.
Literary Analysis of The Great Gatsby
The protagonist and narrator of the novel, Nick Carraway begins the story from the advice given to him by his father. It was about not criticising others because most people do not have the advantages that he has. Carraway tells that because of this advice, he has become a patient and forgiving person who avoids passing quick judgments.
Here, the advantages of Nick come from his stable background where his family is always wealthy. It was because of his father’s advice, he is able to count himself amongst the people who are not judgemental on someone’s background, which means the rest of the people are judgemental about others upon their class and status.
Later in chapter 1, Gatsby is introduced by Nick, who according to him is a victim of new money and the Roaring Twenties. He has always restricted himself to judge Gatsby because as per Nick, he was a gorgeous person with unlimited hope. Gatsby actually became the victim of the foul dust of his dreams.
It was the summer of 1922 when Nick is moved to New York from Minnesota, which was his hometown for three generations. He comes to New York for work and to live. Nick is also back after serving in World War 1. Since he has graduated from Yale, it is pretty clear that he is old money and not someone who has turned wealthy overnight. Though, his personal thoughts are greatly disturbed during the World War and ongoing 20s era.
The purpose behind moving to New York was to become a bond salesperson. Nick says that everyone he knows is entering into this business. He also has this aim in mind and wanted to experience the possibilities under American Dream after which the entire nation was running.
West Egg is the place of new money people, who have become rich recently. Though, Nick is old money, but he rented a house in West Egg. East Egg is the place across the West Egg bay where all old money people live. These areas are located in the suburbs of Long Island. Now, Nick is observing both of these places and concluded that it is more than just the shape or size of the place which differs from the East Egg. West Egg residents have recently moved to this rich area, this is why, they lack in having any connections or appear to be cultural, which is why, old money people are reluctant to accept them in their circle.
Having these areas in front of each other across the ocean shows that how two classes have class competition.
People living in the West Egg show off their wealth extensively, which is disliked by the East Egg inhabitants. Nick has a small house located in the neighborhood of Gatsby’s huge mansion. The little house is called eye-sore means it is deemed ugly in the side of such a beautiful French hotel converted mansion. Till this time, Nick is aware of Gatsby only by his name. For the old money, having such gigantic mansion means that one is showing off their wealth because they do not have real community connections.
The story of the novel starts off when Nick visits his cousin Daisy, who lives at East Egg. It was certainly because Nick himself was an old money and having connections at West Egg was normal for him. Nick is aware of Daisy’s husband Tom because he also studied at Yale. When he meets Tom, he was back from riding and his attitude was as snobbish as always. Nick knew this attitude of Tom from university where everyone detested Tom due to his egotism and superiority complex. He was still the same. Tom’s interest in riding game shows that he is from old money class because it was a rich people’s game. On the other hand, newly rich were not into such games.
At Daisy’s dinner, Nick gets to know Jordan Baker who plays gold professionally. Jordan does not like her surroundings much and seems bored by everything. Her boredom shows that though, they have money, but they are empty from inside.
During dinner, a discussion came up from Tom where he regarded that civilisation is falling from its standards with reference from the book called The Rise of The Colored Empires. The book says that while Nordic race developed all the civilization in the world, this race is now facing threat from the other races. This behaviour from Tom clearly shows that he is insecure about new money rising on the scene. He portrayed it as if this will be end of the world. Whereas, he is not seeing that how old money acts deceitfully with others by being caring or under disguise of manners. Tom asked everyone to read this particular book, while Daisy made fun of it.
During dinner, a phone call comes for Tom and Daisy goes behind him. Nick gets to know that this call is from Tom’s mistress. Dinner turned out to be a bit uncomfortable after that. It shows that at one hand, Tom was talking highly ofold money’s class and his huge mansion, while he has an affair with a mistress on the other hand. This was the kind of pretentious behaviour present in the old money of 1920s widely. When Nick was leaving from his cousin, the couple suggested that he should consider Jordan for some companionship.
Nick comes back from the dinner and in his neighbour saw Gatsby in lawn. Jay Gatsby was looking far into the Long Island. Nick thought about calling Jay, but refrain to do so when he saw him extending his arm in the distance towards water. He saw, he trie dto touch that small green light present very far away in teh ocean. This sign of Gatsby represents his character that how he believes in attaing his dreams. This symbol of green light was not clear till yet.